There is no defined northern boundary, although it is believed to be at the city of San Antonio and from an east to west line extending from the Rio Grande near Maverick County to the Gulf of Mexico, but turning southeast at or near Lavaca County, and continuing towards the Gulf of Mexico to separate it from East Texas and Southeast Texas. [338] The network expanded to 29 stations and 225 bicycles in 2014, registering over 43,000 checkouts of equipment during the first half of the same year. [8] Houston is the southeast anchor of the greater megaregion known as the Texas Triangle.[9]. [170] According to the list, Houston and Dallas were tied as the second-most popular city for megachurches. It is bordered by the cities of Houston and Pasadena, and geographically located southeast of Houston. The per capita income for the city was $15,611. [189] Much of its success as a petrochemical complex is due to its busy ship channel, the Port of Houston. [20][21][22] These tribes are almost nonexistent today; this was most likely caused by foreign disease, and competition with various settler groups in the 18th and 19th centuries. They have won two NBA Championships, one in 1994 and another in 1995 under star players Hakeem Olajuwon, Otis Thorpe, Clyde Drexler, Vernon Maxwell, and Kenny Smith. [331] A daily Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach connects Houston with Amtrak's Chicago–San Antonio Texas Eagle at Longview. Houston Forward Times is one of the largest black-owned newspapers in the metropolitan area and owned by Forward Times Publishing Company. [274] The FBI's Uniform Crime Report (UCR) indicates a downward trend of violent crime in Houston over the ten- and twenty-year periods ending in 2016, which is consistent with national trends. [83][84] Regulations include mandatory lot size for single-family houses and requirements that parking be available to tenants and customers. [335] Houston City Council approved the Houston Bike Plan in March 2017, at that time entering the plan into the Houston Code of Ordinances. [14] South Houston is within District 6 of the Texas Senate; as of 2008 Mario Gallegos is the representative. Due to the boom in defense jobs, thousands of new workers migrated to the city, both blacks and whites competing for the higher-paying jobs. LGBT community members were attracted to Montrose as a neighborhood after encountering it while patronizing Art Wren, and they began to gentrify the neighborhood and assist its native inhabitants with property maintenance. Within Hermann Park are the Houston Zoo and the Houston Museum of Natural Science. LGBT Houstonians needed to have a place to socialize after the closing of the gay bars. The city of Houston was founded by land investors on August 30, 1836,[11] at the confluence of Buffalo Bayou and White Oak Bayou (a point now known as Allen's Landing) and incorporated as a city on June 5, 1837. The Houston area is also home to the largest African American community in Texas. Uptown became one of the most prominent instances of an edge city. Thi… [319], The eight-county Greater Houston metropolitan area contains over 25,000 miles (40,000 km) of roadway, of which 10%, or approximately 2,500 miles (4,000 km), is limited-access highway. [285] The Houston area Catholic schools are operated by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston. [133] The largest Hispanic or Latin American ethnic groups in the city were Mexican Americans (31.6%), Puerto Ricans (0.8%), and Cuban Americans (0.8%) in 2018. In: Allen, Carol M. (editor). ±water surface only in adjacent county, County, state, and federal representation, Galveston, Houston and Henderson Railroad, "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): South Houston city, Texas", "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990", Foreword by Chief of Police - Herbert Gilbert, "Wal-Mart gives Supermercado concept a local tryout", "The Carnicería Connoisseur: HEB's Mi Tienda in Pasadena", "Principals from other Texas districts to visit SoHo Elementary during TEPSA conference", The History of South Houston Intermediate, list of cities and towns in Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land MSA, National Register of Historic Places Sites, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=South_Houston,_Texas&oldid=994210537, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 1998, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 16:48. In 2007, Downtown had over 43 million square feet (4,000,000 m²) of office space. [251] Minute Maid Park is also a retractable-roof stadium. [143] Houston's diversity, historically fueled by large waves of Hispanic or Latino and Asian immigrants, has been attributed to its relatively low cost of living, strong job market, and role as a hub for refugee resettlement. Houston attracts many touring Broadway acts, concerts, shows, and exhibitions for a variety of interests. Houston is home to 337 parks, including Hermann Park, Terry Hershey Park, Lake Houston Park, Memorial Park, Tranquility Park, Sesquicentennial Park, Discovery Green, Buffalo Bayou Park and Sam Houston Park. [88], In referendums in 1948, 1962, and 1993, voters rejected efforts to establish separate residential and commercial land-use districts. Bayou Bend is the former home of Houston philanthropist Ima Hogg.[240]. Locations in Houston are generally classified as either being inside or outside the Interstate 610 loop. Ultimately, the system is designed to ferry traffic from neighborhood streets to major thoroughfares, which connect into the limited-access highway system. In 2019, OSHA found that Texas was the leading state in the nation for crane accidents. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.6 males. Explore Houston's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. [61] Due to the industrial infrastructure in and around Houston, natural disasters such as Hurricane Harvey have also led to numerous toxic spills and disasters, including the 2017 Arkema plant explosion. [144][145] Houston has long been known as a popular destination for African Americans due to the city's well-established and influential Black or African American community. After Hurricane Harvey this sudden change of heart seems likely to have been motivated by the prospect of additional tax revenues. Bush Intercontinental is currently United Airlines' second largest hub, behind O'Hare International Airport. "[25], The Allen brothers ran their first advertisement for Houston just four days later in the Telegraph and Texas Register, naming the notional town in honor of President Sam Houston. There are also many charter schools that are run separately from school districts. [29], By 1860, Houston had emerged as a commercial and railroad hub for the export of cotton. The largest and longest-running is the annual Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo, held over 20 days from early to late March, and is the largest annual livestock show and rodeo in the world. [101], Houston generally receives ample rainfall, averaging about 49.8 in (1,260 mm) annually based on records between 1981 and 2010. Texas Southern University is the first state university in Houston, founded in 1927.[290]. The thick, rich, sometimes black, surface soil is suitable for rice farming in suburban outskirts where the city continues to grow.[74][75]. They paid $5,000 total, but only $1,000 of this in cash; notes made up the remainder. In January, the normal mean temperature at George Bush Intercontinental Airport is 53 Â°F (12 Â°C), with an average of 13 days per year with a low at or below 32 Â°F (0 Â°C), occurring on average between December 3 and February 20, allowing for a growing season of 286 days. [146][147][148] A 2012 Kinder Institute report found that, based on the evenness of population distribution between the four major racial groups in the United States (non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic or Latino, and Asian), Greater Houston was the most ethnically diverse metropolitan area in the United States, ahead of New York City. Toyota Center also has the largest screen for an indoor arena in the United States built to coincide with the arena's hosting of the 2013 NBA All-Star Game. [243] A proposal has been made to open the city's first botanic garden at Herman Brown Park.[244]. The Museum District's cultural institutions and exhibits attract more than 7 million visitors a year. At least 11 other states have, too", "U.S. Cities Prepare For Planned ICE Raids", "Houston homicide rate changes little in 2016", New FBI stats suggest crime's in decline in Houston, "FBI report: Houston's murder rate down, violent crime increases", Distribution – Houston High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area Drug Market Analysis 2009, "Sex Trafficking: Groups Expose Houston's Dark Secret", "Two Worlds a Mile Apart: A Brief History of the Fourth Ward", "Carnegie Foundation Gives University of Houston its Highest Classification for Research Success, Elevating UH to Tier One Status", "UH achieves Tier One status in research", "UH takes big step up to Tier One status", "Histories of TSU and UH marked by segregation", "Rice tops the list of 25 hardest colleges to get into in Texas", https://hbculifestyle.com/largest-hbcu-by-enrollment/#:~:text=Nestled%20on%20a%20sprawling%20150,diverse%20institutions%20in%20the%20state, https://abc13.com/barbara-jordan-mickey-leland-michael-strahan-yolanda-adams/6001128/, https://www.uhd.edu/finishuhdstrong/Pages/default.aspx, https://www.thecentersquare.com/texas/rice-university-has-admission-rate-of-11-1-making-it-among-texas-most-selective-schools/article_5482b906-83f9-11ea-88fd-db2587bacb47.html, "Telemundo Station Group, part of the NBCUniversal Owned Television Stations division", "Houston Press Shutters Its Print Operation", "Best Local Magazine: OutSmart | Best of Houston® 2008: Your Key to the City", "Texas Medical Center – Largest Medical Center (Video HD (English))", "Rice and Baylor College of Medicine extend MOU", "2016 American Community Survey, 1-year estimates: Commuting Characteristics by Sex", "Transit Mode Share Trends Looking Steady; Rail Appears to Encourage Non-Automobile Commutes", "The growing distance between people and jobs in metropolitan America", "Commuting to Work in the Largest 30 U.S. Cities", "Patterns of automobile dependence in cities: an international overview of key physical and economic dimensions with some implications for urban policy", "Study: Houston among cities with poor sustainable transit systems", "Four Texas counties rank among nation's top ten for gasoline consumption", "The Kinder Houston Area Survey: Thirty-Six Years of Measuring Responses to a Changing America", "Car Ownership in U.S. Cities Data and Map", "Major Thoroughfare and Freeway Plan Policy Statement", "Gulf Coast Regionally Coordinated Transportation Plan – 2016 Transportation Resource Inventory Update", "2040 Regional Transportation Plan (RTP)", "Vote against Metro referendum could mean more rail", "Metro's Silver Line starts, first of many bus rapid transit planned in region in lieu of rail", "Federal funding pulled for light rail line construction along Richmond Avenue", "Amtrak Fact Sheet, Fiscal Year 2008, State of Texas", "Amtrak ridership up in Houston area, Brookings Institution reports", "Texas Eagle Thruway Motorcoach Schedules", "Hike and bike trail extensions coming to four bayous", "Houston saddles up for downtown bike share program", "Houston bikesharing program enjoys robust growth", "Houston Bike Share names new executive director", "FAA selects the HAS as 2005 Airport of the Year", "George Bush Intercontinental Airport Fact Sheet", "2005 Total Airline System Passenger Traffic Up 4.6% From 2004", "United Continental Planning Houston Flight Resumption", "Houston Airport System Statistical Report: 2017 Fiscal Year Summary", "Southwest launches new international service at Houston Hobby Airport today", "William P. Hobby Airport Rated Among Top Five Performing Airports Worldwide", "Houston City Council unanimously approves Sister City Agreement between Houston, Texas and Basrah, Iraq", Greater Houston Convention & Visitors Bureau, Greater Houston Partnership (GHP) Houston Chamber, Greater Houston Transportation and Emergency Management Center, San Jacinto Battleground State Historic Site, Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land Metro, list of cities and towns in Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land MSA, National Register of Historic Places Sites, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Houston&oldid=995543895, 1836 establishments in the Republic of Texas, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from April 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with disputed statements from January 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2016, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles needing additional references from December 2020, All articles needing additional references, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source: NOAA (relative humidity and dew point 1969–1990, sun 1961–1990), This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 16:54. Two light rail lines outlined in a five-line system approved by voters in a 2003 referendum have yet to be constructed. In 2015, 8.3 percent of Houston households lacked a car, which was virtually unchanged in 2016 (8.1 percent). Moreover, Houston is the only metropolitan area with less than ten million citizens where such CO2 dome can be detected by satellites. [24], The Allen brothers—Augustus Chapman and John Kirby—explored town sites on Buffalo Bayou and Galveston Bay. Sam Houston Park contains restored and reconstructed homes which were originally built between 1823 and 1905. [45], In June 2001, Tropical Storm Allison dumped up to 40 inches (1,000 mm) of rain on parts of Houston, causing what was then the worst flooding in the city's history. [221][222][223][224][225] Houston received the official nickname of "Space City" in 1967 because it is the location of NASA's Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center. [216] Other notable annual events include the Houston Greek Festival,[217] Art Car Parade, the Houston Auto Show, the Houston International Festival,[218] and the Bayou City Art Festival, which is considered to be one of the top five art festivals in the United States. According to the 2000 Census, the community has a population of 22,282. For other uses, see, ‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties [28], South Houston is served by the South Houston Branch of Harris County Public Library at 607 Avenue A. [297], Rice University, located near the Museum District and Texas Medical Center, is a private tier-one research university and the most selective institution of higher education in Texas. [111][114], Houston has excessive ozone levels and is routinely ranked among the most ozone-polluted cities in the United States. South Texas College of Law Houston is located in the heart of downtown, just minutes away from courthouses, major international law firms, corporations, and legal service providers. Immigrants from Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Ethiopia, India, and other areas have added to Houston's Eastern and Oriental Orthodox population. After five years, 80.5% of graduates are still living and working in the region. [325] Downtown and the Texas Medical Center have the highest rates of transit use in the region, largely due to the park and ride system, with nearly 60% of commuters in each district utilizing public transit to get to work. Parts of South Houston are not served by any "middle school" and instead are served by elementary schools, intermediate schools, and high schools. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000", "How Houston has become the most diverse place in America", "In Houston, America's Diverse Future Has Already Arrived", https://www.npr.org/2019/01/16/685815783/meet-black-girl-magic-the-19-african-american-women-elected-as-judges-in-texas, "Join us in Houston, America's Next Great Black Business Mecca", "Sylvester Turner mostly right; Houston is 'most diverse, "2013-2017 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates", "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Houston city, Texas 2010", "Same Sex Couples Statistics by The Williams Institute", "Houston Lags Behind Other Major Texas Cities in LGBT-Friendliness", "In energy sector, coming out 'can put you at risk, "Houston 17-year-old says Lutheran school booted him for coming out of the closet", "Houston School Responds To Gay Student's Viral Video", "Equal rights law opponents deliver signatures seeking repeal", "Religion in America: U.S. South Texas College of Law Houston is the oldest law school in the city of Houston. `` Mi Tienda '' ( Chapter 1 ) centers for technology 610 loop sharing system started Service with stations... 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