There are two different kinds of plums: Japanese, Prunus salicina, and European, Prunus domestica. Prunes are one of the various types of European plums. Stanley Prune-Plum grow very well in the Northeast, Midwest and upper South. You won’t find European plum trees growing wild in European forests. The Empress Plum, as the Italian Prune Plum is sometimes referred to, has been in cultivation for well over 2,000 years. claudiana), and all descendants from the original cultivar 'Reine Claude Verte' in France. Space them some 18 to 22 feet (5.5 to 6.7 m.) apart to allow for mature size. A deciduous tree, it includes many varieties of the fruit trees known as plums in English, though not all plums belong to this species. Show 16 Products; Show 32 Products; Show 48 Products; Sloe plum … They don’t contain a significant amount of water, so they’re useful for drying. For a shorter specimen, keep the leader cut back. [Railton] Railton and Co … European-type plums are upright and can grow to be quite tall. The purpose was to develop a system of variety combinations which approaches an optimum in fertility as long as inter-fertility … Gage plums and Greengage plums - The gages are a group of cultivars of the common European plum, (Prunus domestica ssp. What it boils down to is a one … European plums have a much better and more interesting range of flavours than the 'Japanese' plums usually found in supermarkets. Search AC Nursery. (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. European plum varieties make delicious prunes and jams. Fruit ripens between spring and fall, with the harvest of different types of European plums occurring at different points between May and September. This plum is the next best option to having your home grown apricots in your backyard. What does it look like and how does it taste? Most of the plums we eat are grown on varieties of this tree. characteristics. Such fruits can never achieve the luscious, juicy quality of a tree ripened plum. Cultivars … From green to yellow to purple to red, there are so many possibilities. [Goodmans1914] Goodman’s catalogue of 1914 The catalogue used American spelling for words such as color (colour) and flavor (flavour) and this has been retained. The smallish blue fruit is best for jam, jelly, and preserves. Vote in your post below or recommend a new variety! Most … Most garden plum trees in Northern Europe are of this species, and they are well suited to temperate climates, being hardier than the Japanese varieties and flowering later. What is a European plum? Read on for more European plum facts and tips on European plum growing. Many inter specific hybrids also exist and these mostly have salicina like … Below is a list of our European plum variety offerings. It is a sweet plum that stores well and is a great dual purpose plum. Also, some varieties of European plum can be dried, but this is not true for Japanese varieties, and some types of Japanese plum are useful as hedge-rows in landscaping, unlike the larger, more upright growing European cultivars. But the fruits of many varieties can be considerably larger, or petite, circular, or oblong. Green Gage bears large crops of yellowish green, juicy, firm and tender, oval fruit . One of the heaviest hitters in the world of European plums, Damsons tend to be a bit more tart than other types of plums. This tree is normally grown for the fruit crop, but the attractive white flowers that appear in April make it a good specimen tree, as well. 3 of the Best Plum Varieties … Within these species there are many varieties and hybrids varying from red, purple to yellow and green skin or flesh, many of which you can find for sale in Europe. Plum Trees - European Plum trees in this list are among the sweetest plums in our catalogue, originating in Europe, and include the famous Green Gage plum, and also the many different types of Prune plum trees Sort by Default Order Show 16 Products Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! In good soil plum trees will bear fruit in 3-5 years from planting out. Most European plums are quite sweet but some are even sweeter. A medium to large freestone plum, 'Stanley' is excellent for eating fresh, cooking, or canning. Japanese plum trees are more likely than European varieties to require cross-pollination. These fruits are usually light green (like the Claudia variety) or purple. They are often blue or purple, and their pits are usually freestone, meaning they separate easily from the flesh. To ensure the healthy growth of Moyer Plums, plant its crop with other European plum varieties like Brooks Plum. 'Stanley' is a versatile European plum that is widely adapted and particularly well suited to the eastern regions and some of the Northwest. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. EUROPEAN PLUMS Vibrant - The first European plum to be harvested, the Vibrant is a beautiful plum with a violet-blue skin and amber flesh. Most plum varieties are self- incompatible (the flowers cannot receive pollen on its own to produce fruit) and require appropriate pollinators for reliable cropping. In addition to the European plums are the Japanese plums … (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. 3-in-1 Plum Tree . 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European Plums Freshly harvested homegrown plums are vastly superior in sweetness and flavor to grocery store purchased fruit which are generally harvested under ripe in order to survive long distance shipping. The European plum (Prunus domestica L.) is a worldwide distributed tree species. Plum buyers and marketers are often interested in new varieties with superior characteristics and taste, but traditional European … European plums which are cultivated varieties from Prunus domestica and are thought to have originated in the Caucasus Mountains. This article compares the best plum tree varieties commonly grown in the UK. European plums (Prunus domestica) cannot pollinate any other common plum species (and vice-versa), but the other species can typically pollinate each other, to some extent, as long as their bloom overlaps. European plums (Prunus domestica) cannot pollinate any other common plum species (and vice-versa), but the other species can typically pollinate each other, to some extent, as long as their bloom overlaps. Toll Free: (800) 377-3106 They bloom in late winter or early spring. Japanese and European varieties of plum do not cross pollinate with each other. They are plums that have a high enough sugar content to allow growers to dry the plums in the sun without fermenting. Most likely the modern Italian Prune Plum was amongst these many early selections. References: 1. Prunus domestica (sometimes referred to as Prunus × domestica), the European plum is a species of flowering plant in the family Rosaceae. Tomato line up of three different varieties sliced isolated on white. |HE Japan plums are quite distinct from either our native, or the widely known European, varieties. They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. Phone: (717) 677-8105 And they are certainly not just … Plum Pollination Chart NOTE: Brooks, French, Green Gage, Imperial Epineuse, Italian, Seneca, Stanley, Victory, Yellow Egg and the new Plum/Cherry cross called Nadia. ), 26 Nursery Road, European Varieties. Fax: (717) 677-4124 This rustic plum tart is similar to a French galette. European plums come in all kinds of colors and flavors to choose from! The fruit from European plum trees (Prunus domestica) is usually oval or oblong with yellow flesh covered by a deep purple-blue skin. Fruits are generally oval, smaller, and more variable in color than Japanese plums. Each variety can be researched in more detail by clicking on the plum variety name for a more comprehensive description. Some varieties … Interestingly enough, Greengages are one of the few varieties of European plums that have a clingstone pit! In contrast, European-type plums are smaller, denser and less juicy. The flowering phenology, blooming time and inter-fertility relations of 63 European plum varieties has been studied at growing sites with different ecological conditions during a 10 year long period. The most useful cultivars to grow in a garden are listed below. Prunus domestica is the European plum. The damson (/ ˈ d æ m z ə n /) or damson plum (Prunus domestica subsp. Tulare Giant - The Tulare Giant is a new Japanese plum variety. Planting Justice is a 501(c)3 non-profit. Sign up for our newsletter. Besides fresh consumption, plums … Traditional European plum varieties remain poorly … The flesh is golden-yellow. About 20 varieties dominate the commercial supply of plums, and most originated in either Asia or Europe. Bloom Character Pollinizer needed Self-fertile Somewhat self-fertile Tends to biennial bear These plum rootstocks are suitable for most European plum varieties, as well as the closely related species of gages, damsons, and mirabelles. Sort by Default Order. Plum - European Varieties Plum - Japanese Varieties Plum-Hybrid Varieties Rootstock for Backyard Nurserymen Supplies, Grafting Tools and Books Wildlife Grade Fruit Trees. In spite of our stronger cultural connections with Europe when it comes to food, it is actually the Japanese plum that most people would identify as the typical American plum.Originally from China, these plums All varieties are self-pollinating, except for those noted. Latin Name: Prunus … According to European plum facts, these fruit trees are self-fertile. The trees are small and self-pollinating, and the fruit ripens at the end of August or in September. Greengages and damsons are varieties of plums.. Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. European plum trees are larger and more erect than Japanese plums, and they bloom later - a distinct advantage in climates subject to spring frosts. Smaller, semi-dwarf trees are easier to harvest and maintain. The plants are fairly- hardy, but some varieties do well in mild-winter areas. Pixy. Varieties of insititia are found across Europe, but the name damson is derived from and most commonly applied … Crt Jakhel wrote: We've had good experiences with the Serbian "Čačanska" (from the city of Čačak) cultivars - Čačanska rana (early), najbolja (best), lepotica (beauty), rodna (prolific). European plums will store a considerable period, Japanese plums do not store for anywhere near as long in the fridge. Plum Varieties. Below is a list of our European plum variety offerings. Fruit is yellow, dry, tender, meaty, and sweet. Most plums, but not all, require cross-pollination to set adequate crops; plan to plant two different varieties. P.O. Adjust accordingly for other locations. In habit of tree they resemble some- what the vigorous Chickasa varieties, but their foliage is peculiarly large and distinct. The Japanese plum was first domesticated in China thousands of years ago but was extensively developed in Japan; from there it was introduced to the rest of the world. European plum trees (Prunus domestica) are an ancient, domesticated species of fruit tree. The most common European plums (scientific name Prunus domestica L.) are elongated, blue types, but other colors are available as well. Flavor: Honey-sweet; Best For: All around usage; Damson. This rootstock was developed by East … With regard to Plum trees, as well as the Cornish varieties such as the most sought after Kea Plum and Manaccan Plum, there are a few non Cornish varieties such as the Victoria Plum and River’s Early Prolific which are very productive and can be found in Cornish Orchards. St. Julien rootstock fruits. Japanese plums … These plums are often canned or made into jams or jellies. Plums are large, usually soft-fleshed – perfect for eating or cooking (depending on the cultivar). Buyers evaluate plum varieties on characteristics such as sweetness and firmness. The branches often have thorns. They can even thrive in heavy clay soils as long as the drainage is good. Generally, Japanese plums … European plum trees produce plums with skins in a wide variety of colors – generally are blue or maroon, although popular ‘Green Gage’ plums are green, while ‘Mirabelle’ plums are yellow. What Is A European Plum – Different Types Of European Plums So exactly what is a European plum? Box 108 Rustic Plum Tart. Shop 1200+ varieties from our USDA certified organic nursery. When you are beginning European plum growing, remember to plant your trees in a sunny site. Some European varieties are thought to come from the Prunus domestica, a wild plum tree that grows near the Caspian Sea. Empress – The Empress is a well-known European plum … View … In some cases, plum cultivars from the same species cannot pollinate each other. European or Italian plums may be sold as sugar plum, Italian plum or prune, French prune, or simply "fresh prune" since it's the fruit that is dried to make prunes. Most of our plum tree varieties … Prune them to a central leader (in a pyrarnidal shape). Improved varieties include 'Blue Damson', 'French Damson', and 'Shropshire Damson'. They can be used for fresh eating and dried to make prunes. Compatible cultivars are offered if cross pollination is needed. In the USA, European plums are eaten fresh, as fresh slices in salads and desserts, and processed as puree for baby food, baking, dried fruit, and fermented as alcoholic beverages, depending on the varieties. This can vary from year to year under unusual weather conditions. Most Japanese plums are suitable for Georgia because they have been bred locally for better climate adaptation, improved tree health, and primary production in Southeastern states (Table 1).The choice of varieties for Georgia gardens dependson several factors. Adjust accordingly for other locations.) European varieties have been known to be self fertile, which includes Blue Damson, These trees do best in well-draining soil that holds moisture with a soil pH between 6.0 and 6.5. Don’t toss in fertilizer at the time of planting, but wait at least six weeks after planting to fertilize. The fruit can be up to 8 cm across, and is usually sweet (dessert plum). Serbia, nowadays a sovereign country but formerly one of the republics of Yugoslavia, is traditionally a strong player in plum production and development. If you would like to view our European plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. Of course you can also consume them as a fruit or use them to … The work is divided into 3 parts: I. The European plum tree is the most common. REINE CLAUDE CONDUCTA This pink/ purple skinned plum has high quality amber flesh, somewhat crisp and very sweet. 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